• Follow us

Social Media

UK sets out safety-focused plan to regulate internet firms

The UK government has laid out proposals to regulate online and social media platforms, setting out the substance of its long-awaited White Paper on online harms today — and kicking off a public consultation.

The Online Harms White Paper is a joint proposal from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and Home Office. The paper can be read in full here (PDF).

It follows the government announcement of a policy intent last May, and a string of domestic calls for greater regulation of the internet as politicians have responded to rising concern about the mental health impacts of online content.

The government is now proposing to put a mandatory duty of care on platforms to take reasonable steps to protect their users from a range of harms — including but not limited to illegal material such as terrorist and child sexual exploitation and abuse (which will be covered by further stringent requirements under the plan).

The approach is also intended to address a range of content and activity that’s deemed harmful.

Examples providing by the government of the sorts of broader harms it’s targeting include inciting violence and violent content; encouraging suicide; disinformation; cyber bullying; and inappropriate material being accessed by children.

Online companies must start taking responsibility for their platforms, and help restore public trust in this technology.

We are putting a legal duty of care on internet companies to keep people safe.#OnlineSafety pic.twitter.com/6EDsaY3Ofr

— Theresa May (@theresa_may) April 8, 2019

Content promoting suicide has been thrown into the public spotlight in the UK in recent months, following media reports about a schoolgirl whose family found out she had been viewing pro-suicide content on Instagram after she killed herself.

The Facebook -owned platform subsequently agreed to change its policies towards suicide content, saying it would start censoring graphic images of self-harm, after pressure from ministers.

Commenting on the publication of the White Paper today, digital secretary Jeremy Wright said: “The era of self-regulation for online companies is over. Voluntary actions from industry to tackle online harms have not been applied consistently or gone far enough. Tech can be an incredible force for good and we want the sector to be part of the solution in protecting their users. However those that fail to do this will face tough action.

”We want the UK to be the safest place in the world to go online, and the best place to start and grow a digital business and our proposals for new laws will help make sure everyone in our country can enjoy the Internet safely.”

In another supporting statement Home Secretary Sajid Javid added: “The tech giants and social media companies have a moral duty to protect the young people they profit from. Despite our repeated calls to action, harmful and illegal content – including child abuse and terrorism – is still too readily available online.

“That is why we are forcing these firms to clean up their act once and for all. I made it my mission to protect our young people – and we are now delivering on that promise.”

Children’s charity, the NSPCC, was among the sector bodies welcoming the proposal.

“This is a hugely significant commitment by the Government that once enacted, can make the UK a world pioneer in protecting children online,” wrote CEO Peter Wanless in a statement.

“For too long social networks have failed to prioritise children’s safety and left them exposed to grooming, abuse, and harmful content.  So it’s high time they were forced to act through this legally binding duty to protect children, backed up with hefty punishments if they fail to do so.”

Although the Internet Watch Foundation, which works to stop the spread of child exploitation imagery online, warned against unintended consequences from badly planned legislation — and urged the government to take a “balanced approach”.

The proposed laws would apply to any company that allows users to share or discover user generated content or interact with each other online — meaning companies both big and small.

Nor is it just social media platforms either, with file hosting sites, public discussion forums, messaging services, and search engines among those falling under the planned law’s remit.

The government says a new independent regulator will be introduced to ensure internet companies meet their responsibilities, with ministers consulting on whether this should be a new or existing body.

Telecoms regulator Ofcom has been rumored as one possible contender, though the UK’s data watchdog, the ICO, has previously suggested it should be involved in any internet oversight given its responsibility for data protection and privacy. (According to the FT a hybrid entity combining the two is another possibility — although the newspaper reports that the government remains genuinely undecided on who the regulator will be.)

The future internet watchdog will be funded by industry in the medium term, with the government saying it’s exploring options such as an industry levy to put it on a sustainable footing.

On the enforcement front, the watchdog will be armed with a range of tools — with the government consulting on powers for it to issue substantial fines; block access to sites; and potentially to impose liability on individual members of senior management.

So there’s at least the prospect of a high profile social media CEO being threatened with UK jail time in future if they don’t do enough to remove harmful content.

On the financial penalties front, Wright suggested that the government is entertaining GDPR-level fines of as much as 4% of a company’s annual global turnover, speaking during an interview on Sky News…

The #OnlineHarms regulator should have teeth, says Jeremy Wright. Fines comparable to information commissioner's under GDPR – 4% of global turnover. Potentially makes individual managers liable. In extreme cases, decides whether websites should be allowed to operate in the UK… pic.twitter.com/gBMe6uUKie

— Alexander J. Martin (@AJMartinSky) April 8, 2019

Other elements of the proposed framework include giving the regulator the power to force tech companies to publish annual transparency reports on the amount of harmful content on their platforms and what they are doing to address it; to compel companies to respond to users’ complaints and act to address them quickly; and to comply with codes of practice issued by the regulator, such as requirements to minimise the spread of misleading and harmful disinformation with dedicated fact checkers, particularly during election periods.

A long-running enquiry by a DCMS parliamentary committee into online disinformation last year, which was continuously frustrated in its attempts to get Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg to testify before it, concluded with a laundry list of recommendations for tightening regulations around digital campaigning.

The committee also recommended clear legal liabilities for tech companies to act against “harmful or illegal content”, and suggested a levy on tech firms to support enhanced regulation.

Responding to the government’s White Paper in a statement today DCMS chair Damian Collins broadly welcomed the government’s proposals — though he also pressed for the future regulator to have the power to conduct its own investigations, rather than relying on self reporting by tech firms.

“We need a clear definition of how quickly social media companies should be required to take down harmful content, and this should include not only when it is referred to them by users, but also when it is easily within their power to discover this content for themselves,” Collins wrote.

“The regulator should also give guidance on the responsibilities of social media companies to ensure that their algorithms are not consistently directing users to harmful content.”

Another element of the government’s proposal is a “Safety by Design” framework that’s intended to help companies incorporate online safety features in new apps and platforms from the start.

The government also wants the regulator to head up a media literacy strategy that’s intended to equip people with the knowledge to recognise and deal with a range of deceptive and malicious behaviours online, such as catfishing, grooming and extremism.

It writes that the UK is committed to a free, open and secure internet — and makes a point of noting that the watchdog will have a legal duty to pay “due regard” to innovation, and also to protect users’ rights online by paying particular mindful not infringe privacy and freedom of expression.

It therefore suggests technology will be an integral part of any solution, saying the proposals are designed to promote a culture of continuous improvement among companies — and highlighting technologies such as Google’s “Family Link” and Apple’s Screen Time app as examples of the sorts of developments it wants the policy framework to encourage.

Although such caveats are unlikely to do much to reassure those concerned the approach will chill online speech, and/or place an impossible burden on smaller firms with less resource to monitor what their users are doing.

“The government’s proposals would create state regulation of the speech of millions of British citizens,” warns digital and civil rights group, the Open Rights Group, in a statement by its executive director Jim Killock. “We have to expect that the duty of care will end up widely drawn with serious implications for legal content, that is deemed potentially risky, whether it really is nor not.

“The government refused to create a state regulator the press because it didn’t want to be seen to be controlling free expression. We are skeptical that state regulation is the right approach.”

UK startup policy advocacy group Coadec was also quick to voice concerns — warning that the government’s plans will “entrench the tech giants, not punish them”.

“The vast scope of the proposals means they cover not just social media but virtually the entire internet – from file sharing to newspaper comment sections. Those most impacted will not be the tech giants the Government claims they are targeting, but everyone else. It will benefit the largest platforms with the resources and legal might to comply – and restrict the ability of British startups to compete fairly,” said Coadec executive director Dom Hallas in a statement. 

“There is a reason that Mark Zuckerberg has called for more regulation. It is in Facebook’s business interest.”

UK startup industry association, techUK, also put out a response statement that warns about the need to avoid disproportionate impacts.

“Some of the key pillars of the Government’s approach remain too vague,” said Vinous Ali, head of policy, techUK. “It is vital that the new framework is effective, proportionate and predictable. Clear legal definitions that allow companies in scope to understand the law and therefore act quickly and with confidence will be key to the success of the new system.

“Not all of the legitimate concerns about online harms can be addressed through regulation. The new framework must be complemented by renewed efforts to ensure children, young people and adults alike have the skills and awareness to navigate the digital world safely and securely.”

The government has launched a 12-week consultation on the proposals, ending July 1, after which it says it will set out the action it will take in developing its final proposals for legislation.

“Following the publication of the Government Response to the consultation, we will bring forward legislation when parliamentary time allows,” it adds.

Last month a House of Lords committee recommended an overarching super regulator be established to plug any legislative gaps and/or handle overlaps in rules on internet platforms, arguing that “a new framework for regulatory action” is needed to handle the digital world.

Though the government appears confident that an internet regulator will be able to navigate any legislative patchwork and keep tech firms in line on its own — at least, for now.

The House of Lords committee was another parliamentary body that came down in support of a statutory duty of care for online services hosting user-generated content, suggesting it should have a special focus on children and “the vulnerable in society”.

And there’s no doubt the concept of regulating internet platforms has broad consensus among UK politicians — on both sides of the aisle. But how to do that effectively and proportionately is another matter.

We reached out to Facebook and Google for a response to the White Paper.

Responding in an emailed statement, Google public policy manager Claire Lilley said: “The issues raised in today’s white paper are of real importance to us and the people that use our services. To help overcome these issues, we haven’t waited for regulation, we’ve created new technology, hired experts and specialists, and ensured our policies are fit for the evolving challenges we face online. Our work has the most impact when companies, Government and communities work together. We look forward to looking at the detail of these suggestions and working in partnership to ensure a free, open and safer internet that works for everyone.”

Also commenting on the Online Harms White Paper in a statement, Rebecca Stimson, Facebook’s head of UK public policy, said: “New rules for the internet should protect society from harm while also supporting innovation, the digital economy and freedom of speech. These are complex issues to get right and we look forward to working with the Government and Parliament to ensure new regulations are effective.”

Stimson also reiterated how Facebook has expanded the number of staff it has working on trust and safety issues to 30,000 in recent years, as well as claiming it’s invested heavily in technology to help prevent abuse — while conceding that “we know there is much more to do”.

Last month the company revealed shortcomings with its safety measures around livestreaming, after it emerged that a massacre in Christchurch, New Zealand which was livestreamed to Facebook’s platform, had not been flagged for accelerated review by moderates because it was not tagged as suicide related content.

Facebook said it would be “learning” from the incident and “re-examining our reporting logic and experiences for both live and recently live videos in order to expand the categories that would get to accelerated review”.

In its response to the UK government White Paper today, Stimson added: “The internet has transformed how billions of people live, work and connect with each other, but new forms of communication also bring huge challenges. We have responsibilities to keep people safe on our services and we share the government’s commitment to tackling harmful content online. As Mark Zuckerberg said last month, new regulations are needed so that we have a standardised approach across platforms and private companies aren’t making so many important decisions alone.”

This report was updated with comment from Google 

Read More



Leave A Comment

More News

TechCrunch » Social

To cut down on spam, Twitter cuts the 2019-04-08 14:54:08Twitter just took another big step to help boot spammers off its platform: it’s cutting the number of accounts Twitter users can follow, from 1,

Viber users can now get local numbers in 2019-04-08 09:37:16Viber, the messaging app owned by Rakuten that a year ago said it had 1 billion registered users, has added another feature in its longer-term efforts

UK sets out safety-focused plan to regulate Internet 2019-04-08 06:45:25The UK government has laid out proposals to regulate online and social media platforms, setting out the substance of its long-awaited White Paper on o

To stop copycats, Snapchat shares itself 2019-04-07 15:01:44Evan Spiegel has finally found a way to fight back against Mark Zuckerberg’s army of clones. For 2.5 years, Snapchat foolishly tried to take the

Snap is channeling Asia’s messaging giants with its 2019-04-05 13:59:46Snap is taking a leaf out of the Asian messaging app playbook as its social messaging service enters a new era. The company unveiled a series of new s

Twitter’s latest test focuses on making conversations easier 2019-04-05 10:21:57Twitter continues to experiment with ways to make conversations on its platform easier to follow. In addition to its prototype app twttr, which is tes

Bumble goes to print with its new lifestyle 2019-04-04 14:22:41Bumble is the latest digital brand to try to extend its reach through a print publication. The dating app maker today announced the launch of Bumble M

Snapchat launches Mario Party-style multiplayer games platform 2019-04-04 14:20:28Snap is unlocking a new revenue stream while giving you something to do between chats and Stories. Today Snapchat debuts its Snap Games platform that

Snapchat will power Stories & ads in other 2019-04-04 14:00:34Snapchat has found an answer to the revenue problem stemming from its halted growth: it will show its ads in other apps with the launch of Snapchat Ad

Snapchat launches Scan, its AR utility platform 2019-04-04 13:49:57Point and shoot? No, point and interact. Snapchat can now help with your homework. The app’s camera is becoming the foundation of an augmented r

Twitter reverses stance and allows ad encouraging you 2019-04-04 13:41:31Political ads on social networks have become a lot more complicated in France after the French parliament passed the so-called “fake news law&rd

The Internet Archive has uploaded 450,000 songs collected 2019-04-04 02:04:36Last month, it became widely known that Myspace has lost much of the user data uploaded to it before 2016, including potentially millions of music tra

Mashable

China wants to ban Bitcoin mining, report claims 2019-04-09 07:36:46China plans to put an end to cryptocurrency mining in the country, Reuters reported Tuesday citing a "draft list of industrial activities" China's

The one line in the 'Fleabag' finale that 2019-04-09 07:33:49If you've not yet watched the final episode of Fleabag Season 2, then be warned — spoilers abound.  It's been 18 hours since I watched th

Samsung tablets, Microsoft laptops, Fitbits, Amazon devices, and 2019-04-09 06:56:40A sale is much like a marathon. It's crucial to make a good start, but it's more important to keep a consistent pace throughout the race, and leave

Don't hold your breath for that 16-inch MacBook 2019-04-09 06:13:22Apple might not launch a 16/16.5-inch MacBook Pro for at least a year or more according to a new report from reliable leaker of Apple things, Ming-Chi

'Avengers: Endgame' cast explain how bathroom breaks should 2019-04-09 05:46:43 Three hours is a long time to sit in one seat without going to the bathroom — even if you do have the latest Avengers movie to distract you.

'Game of Thrones' star John Bradley gives an 2019-04-09 05:45:52 John Bradley is best known to us as the kindhearted, bookish Samwell Tarly from Game of Thrones.  He spoke to Conan O'Brien about a speech he

Get 12-minute summaries of important business books with 2019-04-09 05:00:00When's the last time you read a book — a whole book? Maybe it was on a recent vacation, when you zipped through a trashy beach read you'd pick

Eastbay just dropped the latest colorway of Nike's 2019-04-09 05:00:00Heads up: The MashStash team writes about stuff you'll probably want to buy. If you purchase something through MashStash, Mashable might earn some ca

Laptop and tablet deals: iPads, Amazon Fire, Dell, 2019-04-09 05:00:00Spring is finally here and your tax refund is on the way. What’ll you do when you’re suddenly flush with cash? Well, you can either stuff

Snag this hangover remedy while it's on sale 2019-04-09 05:00:00Everyone’s got a favorite hangover cure: chugging water, chowing down on greasy carbs, sipping a beer. As for how well they work? The placebo ef

Tesla's Sentry Mode helps police find burglar 2019-04-09 04:40:53A man breaking into a Tesla got his plans foiled by the company's new Sentry Mode, which takes a video of the car's surroundings when sensing a thre

Stephen Colbert farewells former homeland security head Kirstjen 2019-04-09 02:16:54 In case you missed it, Homeland Security secretary Kirstjen Nielsen resigned from her role on Sunday. Nielsen, who found herself heckled and had pr

The Next Web

The only 4/20 weed gear guide you’ll ever 2019-04-09 07:38:16The days when weed was an underground pastime are over. The game’s changed. Hell, there are whole US states where weed is legal. The same proces

Mt. Gox might need 2 more years to 2019-04-09 07:35:12The leader of the group representing victims of the defunct cryptocurrency exchange Mt. Gox is stepping down from his post. The founder and coordinato

Payment options in apps can be designed better 2019-04-09 07:34:39Let’s start with a simple thought What was the last meal that you had? How did you decide to eat a certain dish as opposed to anything else

22-year-old gets 2 years in jail for illegally 2019-04-09 06:04:30A 22-year-old man in the US has been sentenced to two years in prison for selling hundreds of thousands of dollars in Bitcoin through an unlicensed mo

Bitcoin hits massive milestone with its 400,000,000th transaction 2019-04-09 05:19:26Bitcoin has reached a milestone! The blockchain powering the world’s most popular cryptocurrency officially processed its 400,000,000th tra

QuadrigaCX saga continues as cryptocurrency exchange moves to 2019-04-09 04:55:03QuadrigaCX, the cryptocurrency exchange which owes its customers $134 million in cryptocurrency following the unexpected death of its f

China wants to destroy ‘wasteful’ Bitcoin mining 2019-04-09 04:17:14China, one of the world’s most prominent blockchain and cryptocurrency forces, wants to put an end to “wasteful” Bitcoin mining. The

Opera releases its browser with built-in cryptocurrency wallet 2019-04-09 03:00:54Opera’s long-awaited web-browser, Reborn 3, which features an integrated cryptocurrency wallet is officially launching today. According to the a

Ikea’s new smart speaker looks like a HomePod 2019-04-09 02:57:15Ikea’s just begun getting into the smart speaker business, and its new offering is designed to fit into any space in your home – but there

Windows 10 now lets you pull out USB 2019-04-09 01:37:30We all know that one person who annoyingly reminds you to use “Safely Remove Hardware” before pulling the USB drive out of the slot. They

Android Q Beta 2 is now available, including 2019-04-03 14:13:45Well, that was fast. Less than a month after it released the first beta of Android Q, Google has now released Beta 2. While it’s mostly aimed at

TNW2019 Daily: On the right track 2019-04-03 11:17:49We have only 36 days left until TNW2019, our tech conference in Amsterdam! Here are some fun facts about the number 36: It appears in the title of Wu-

Entrepreneur

The Pros and Cons of Project Management Software 2019-04-09 07:30:00Analog or digital? Here's why you should (or maybe shouldn't) use project management software.

Applying the Pareto Principle Can Improve Your Time 2019-04-09 07:00:00Pareto's 80-20 rule is the Swiss army knife of business. It's useful for just about everything.

The 6 Hidden LinkedIn Apps That Can Take 2019-04-08 18:45:00If you haven't heard of all the following LinkedIn apps, don't be surprised: They're not all common knowledge. But now that you know they're there

Wynn Resorts Continues to Soar Despite Flat Day 2019-04-08 17:30:00The stock is up 46.4 percent so far this year.

Major Investments in Plant-Based Foods Include a $310 2019-04-08 14:35:07The two recent moves show just how much the sector is growing.

Burger King Pulled an Ad Showing People Eating 2019-04-08 14:08:27Many social-media users argued that the ad used chopsticks as a comedy vehicle and was culturally insensitive.

How to Write a Successful Cannabis License Application 2019-04-08 14:00:00The cannabis licensing process is like the Ivy Leagues. Everybody can apply but very, very few succeed.

How Much Should You Tell Your Employees? 2019-04-08 13:50:00Transparency, like most things, is best done in moderation.

3 Questions to Determine Which Networking Event is 2019-04-08 13:34:00Ask yourself these three questions to determine the right networking event for you.

How to Turn Content Creation Into a Profitable 2019-04-08 13:30:00Two entrepreneurs share content creation tips and practical ways creators can earn revenue from their work.

50 Game-Changing Innovations in Robotics, Home Technology and 2019-04-08 12:15:34Winners of the Edison Awards are chosen by a panel of more than 3,000 business executives.

Here's What Your Company Can Do to Appeal 2019-04-08 12:00:00Meet HENRY, who, right now is one of the most sought-after consumers on the planet.

E-Commerce Times

Wayfair v. South Dakota: How Amazon Played Both 2019-04-01 15:46:36In the late 90s, Amazon began expanding its offerings beyond books, quickly embracing the Internet and leveraging technology to boost sales and exploi

WiFi, Managed Services and the Home Network: Solving 2019-03-30 08:00:00Home networks are a key building block for today's connected home systems and products, and wireless is the dominant method of connectivity for a var

Using the Contact Center to Help Build Brand 2019-03-29 12:47:48In 2018, 8.8 percent of all retail sales globally, totaling more than $2 trillion, were made online. As the total number of online purchases grows, a

Apple TV+ Is Much More Than a 'Netflix 2019-03-29 08:00:00Apple announced several new services earlier this week. Apple TV+, the star of the lineup, will launch this fall with some high-profile original conte

How to Reinvent E-Commerce Personalization in 2019 2019-03-28 14:31:15You'd be hard pressed to find a tactic more capable of winning and losing customers than personalization. In the past, bad personalization has cost b

Is Your Contact Center Ruining Your CX? 2019-03-27 15:14:55While CRM software is a vital tool, CRM itself is really a discipline: It's the cultivation of the customer relationship and the management of custom

EU Parliament's OK of Online Copyright Rules Fuels 2019-03-27 08:00:00The European Parliament plenary has adopted the "Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market" by a vote of 348-274 with 36 abstentions. Memb

T-Mobile's Home Broadband Carrot 2019-03-25 15:43:22Not long ago, T-Mobile COO Mike Sievert said the company would start selling a wireless home broadband service. Now, it looks as though it has begun a

AI-Powered Inventory Management: A Make-or-Break Tool for Retailers 2019-03-22 12:22:34Retail is facing battles on all fronts. Up against Amazon's streamlined operations on one side, and a higher demand for flawless customer service and

Instagram Launches In-App Shopping Experiment 2019-03-20 13:27:43Instagram has introduced Checkout on Instagram -- an in-app purchasing tool -- as a closed beta for consumers in the U.S. Among the 20 participating b

Boosting E-Commerce Sales Through Storytelling 2019-03-18 15:24:46Storytelling is a central part of e-commerce marketing, and it's vital that brands both know their own stories and understand how to tell them. Every

How to Bring Relationships Back to CRM 2019-03-16 08:00:00Customer relationship management is a term you've likely heard if you have worked in the tech space. CRM software solutions have not always been as f

Social News Daily

Father Locked Out Of iPad for 47 Years 2019-04-08 18:25:37Evan Osnos gave his 3-year-old child his iPad to play with, only it was returned with a small dilemma – it had been locked out for 25,000,000 mi

New Evidence Suggests That Missing Flight MH370 “Secretly 2019-04-08 17:19:57We all love a good conspiracy theory, and ones regarding Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 are plentiful. Author and investigator Jeff Wise is the man be

#HimToo Tweets Are Increasing In Popularity After Cardi 2019-04-08 10:23:25While the controversy surrounding Cardi B’s viral video admitting she drugged and robbed men has died down, the impact it continues to have on m

Nurse Who Swapped 5,000 Babies In Maternity Ward 2019-04-08 08:30:04This is why people have trust issues. A “nurse” from Zambia has recently gone viral for a deplorable deed she claimed to have done in her

Just Desserts? US Inmates Sue Prison Over Mice, 2019-04-08 08:00:09Prison is not really supposed to be a happy place but we would still do well to remember that prisoners are still human and not all of them are really

8 Political Promposals That Never Should Have Happened 2019-04-06 09:00:49Prom season is just around the corner, and that means we’re in for another round of wildly inappropriate promposals in the media. High school ro

Missing Pet Pig Slaughtered By Guy Who Vowed 2019-04-05 20:02:31A pig’s owner was mortified after her 400 lb pet, named Princess, was slaughtered by a neighbor after she came up missing. Princess had escaped

Right-Wing Christian Preacher Criticized For Telling Wheelchair-Bound Man 2019-04-05 17:21:16A Christian extremist has been blasted online for telling a man in a wheelchair that he is “going to hell.” Philip Blair, an evangelist pr

“Indiana Jones of the Art World” Finds Stolen 2019-04-05 16:49:37Arthur Brand, dubbed “the art world’s Indiana Jones,” has recovered a stolen Picasso painting missing for the last 20 years. In Marc

‘5D’ Porn Cinema Debuts In Amsterdam’s Red Light 2019-04-05 09:28:53A new ‘5D’ porn cinema launched this past weekend and it comes as no shocker that it’s situated smack in the heart of Amsterdam&rsqu

Lady Is ‘Exhausted’ After Engaging In 7 One 2019-04-03 20:02:43Nadia Bokody, from Australia, who had seven one night stands, too admitted to her pal that she did not have sex in the final year of her marriage. Nad

Number of Measles Cases So Far in 2019 2019-04-03 17:45:12Back in January, the World Health Organisation called the anti-vax movement the “biggest threat to global health in 2019.” And three month


Disclaimer and Notice:WorldProNews.com is not responsible of these news or any information published on this website.